Ghana’s population is estimated at 21 million, roughly ten percent of whom live in and around the capital city of Accra. Other major urban centres include Kumasi, Tamale, Tema, Takoradi and Cape Coast. More than 70 languages and major dialects are spoken countrywide, classified in four linguistic groups: Akan, Mole-Dagbani, Ewe and Ga. The most widespread Akan language is Twi, which is spoken by roughly half the population, including the Asante (Ashanti) people of Kumasi and the coastal Fante. Two-thirds of Ghanaians are Christian, another 15% are Islamic, and the remainder adhere to traditional animist beliefs.

Ghana has been settled by Europeans since 1482 but external rule was imposed only in 1874, which Britain claimed a strip of land extending less than 50km inland as the Gold Coast Colony. The more northerly territories were annexed to that colony in 1902, following a war with the Asante Empire, while the eastern border was extended to include present-day Volta Region (formally part of German Togoland) in 1919. The Gold Coast attained independence and was renamed Ghana under the leadership of Dr Kwame Nkrumah in 1957. Nkrumah, having banned all political opposition, was deposed in 1966 by what transpired to be the first of four military coups within the space 15 years. A multi-party constitution was introduced in 1991. Jerry Rawlings won the first democratic presidential election in 1992 and served the constitutional maximum of two terms before stepping down in 2000, when former opposition leader John Kufuor was voted into power.



Kwame Nkruman Mausoleam
This museum holds the remains of the first President of Ghana Osagyefo Dr Kwame Nkrumah. The Museum was created in his honor after which his body was exhumed from his original burial grounds at his home town-Nkroful.

Cape Castle
Dating to 1482, the imposing St George’s Castle in Elmina is the oldest European building in the sub-Saharan Africa. Though greatly expanded under Dutch occupation, the original Portuguese fortress and chapel are still intact and now function as a local history museum.

Gold Mines
Gold has been exported from Ghana since mediaeval times, when it reached North Africa via the Sahara. After the establishment of a maritime trade with the Portuguese in 1471, Ghana supplied up to 10% of the gold imported to Europe. Since the 1990s, a resurgent mining industry has let to Ghana becoming Africa’s second largest gold-producer.

The Volta River
The mighty Volta River, which empties into the Atlantic along Ghana’s east coast, has a catchment area that sprawls across the borders of six West African countries. It also feeds the world’s largest artificial water body, the 850,000ha Lake Volta, created in 1966 by the construction of a 370m wide, 124m tall dam at Akosombo in southern Ghana







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