Shai Resource Reserve

The reserve consists of a very striking and attractive range of rocky hills set in the middle of expansive open and wooded grassland plain. The rocks are visible in many places as impressible and sleep cliffs and large and attractive rocky outcrops. The reserve is fenced to prevent animals from straying out. It consists of a prominent isolated hill ridge of hornblende gneiss surrounded by an area of Accra Plain savannah. There are beautiful scenic views across the Accra Plain from the top.

Shai Hills Resource Reserve is situated in Doryumu in the Dangme West district with Dodowa as the district capital. The Reserve is about 17 km from Accra, the regional capital.

Size: It has an area of 52km2. There are five hills and the highest is 290m. In total, the hills take up 20% of the reserve.

Vegetation: The vegetation is a coastal savannah with dry forest occurring on the slopes.

Key fauna: Kobs, Baboons and Guinea fowls, Francolins, Grey hornbill which are just a few of the 150 birds recorded in the reserve. There are grey duiker, bushbuck, civet, genet, vervet monkey and spot-noised monkey.

Other Features: Ancestral caves (ancestral people of the area hid in during wars in the olden days), Ancestral revered shrine of Dangme Shai people, dams

Tourist Sites: Aburi botanical gardens, Wli waterfalls, Akosombo dam (the power house of Ghana), Christiansborg Castle (Accra), Accra Zoo, National Theatre, Kwame Nkrumah Mausoleum, Du Dois Memorial center, Independence Square

Communities: Doryumu, Kordiabe, Agomenda all noted for their Dipo rites. This is a ritual performed for adolescent girls from these communities to initiate from childhood to womanhood.

Festival: Payami Festival celebrated in March
Asafotufiame is an annual festival celebrated by the people of the Ada
Ngmayem celebrated in October by the people of Dodowa
Tourist Activities: Game viewing, Bird-watching, Hiking/ Nature walk

Access: By road is from Accra through the Tema Motorway towards Akosombo, from Madina through Adenta to Dodowa to Ayikuma junction and move straight to Doryumu.

Time for Visit: Throughout the year but gets difficult in the raining season.

Accommodation: Shai Hills Resorts (Shai Hills), Marina Hotel (Dodowa)

Safety Tips: A pair of trousers, t-shirt with a pair of boots is recommended
Don’t lither the reserve
Obey instructions from the guides
Avoid wearing slip ons and sandals
Minimise noise-making as much as possible

Health Facility: Doryumu Clinic (2.5km), Army Clinic (0.5 km),
Dodowa Clinic (16km),
Kordiabe (7km)



Coastal Ramsar Sites - Densu Delta
Densu Delta Ramsar Site

This Ramsar site lies just West of Accra. The Densu River which feeds the wetland is about 116 km long, and it has an area of about 2,460 km2. The construction of the Weija dam in 1978, just 8 km inland from the Atlantic sea, reduced the effective catchment area of the Densu Delta Wetland to about 60.5 km south of the dam. The eastern and northern sides of the Wetland are heavily populated. e.g. Dansoman, Kwashieman, Mallam,and Mendskrom. There are about 20 farming and fishing communities/settlements within the Ramsar site. On the average fishermen earned 524,400.00 per person in 1993. In 1994 the average daily fish catch was about 650 kg. The Densu Delta can sustain an annual fish yield of 270 tonnes, generating between 80 104 million cedis annually. This makes the lagoon an important source of livelihood for the people who depend on it. Also, it supports a salt industry which makes millions, of dollars in foreign exchange a year. The-Weija dam which supplies water to half the population of Accra receives its water from the Densu.

Sakumo Ramsar Site

Sakumo lies between Accra and the Tema Township where urban development is within a few hundred meters of the eastern margin of the lagoon. The effective catchment area of Sakumo Ramsar Site is approximately 27,634ha but the water bodies including the lagoon, reservoirs and area liable to flood is 812ha. Economic activities along the lagoon are fishing, farming, industrial development and recreation. It is estimated that fishermen make about 2.2 to 4.8 million cedis annually as income. The fish yield is estimated to be about 114 tonnes with a maximum potential of 120 tonnes annually. The lagoon sustains about 20 - 150 fishermen every day. Studies done in the area since the early 1970s show the potential for fish aquaculture, but there has been no attempt to pursue this enterprise

Songor Ramsar Site

This includes the west bank of the lower Volta River estuary and the Songor lagoon. The lagoon is a shallow dosed one with a surface area of bout 115 km2. The villages within the Ramsar site are involved in coastal fishing and fish smoking for sale to other domestic markets. The lagoon is also the site of an artisanal salt industry dating back to over a century. There were about 8000 people involved in the salt trade in 1991, and the industry continues to expand. The lagoon is also convenient for tourism. Expatriates and Ghanaians go there for speed boating, recreational fishing and bird watching during week-ends and public holidays. About 200ha of the Songor lagoon is also suitable for shrimps pond development.